ACCESS TO MATERNAL HEALTH CARE SERVICES IN ODISHA: AN INTER-DISTRICT ANALYSIS
Samikshya Priyadarsini Sahu
The Government of India has adopted concerted effort to reduce MMR through the flagship programme of National Rural Health Mission (NRHM). However, the situation is very distressing in Odisha. An attempt has been made in this article to trace out regional disparity that exists in the field of ‘Access to Maternal Health Care’ among the people of Odisha and mapping out the districts of the state with respect to ‘Access to Maternal Health Care Services’. We have used data from secondary sources towards this end. For analytical purpose a Composite Index of ‘Maternal Health Achievement Index’ (MHAI) for each district by integrating different components of maternal health care in a suitable manner has been computed. From empirical study it is observed that coastal districts of Odisha are doing well whereas the tribal-dominated southern districts depict dismal picture. It is also found that the district of Jagatsinghapur is at the top and Nabarangapur is at the bottom of MHAI ladder. Despite the fact that Odisha is improving its position, a lot has to be done.
KEYWORDS: Maternal health, maternal mortality, family planning, health infrastructure