EMPLOYEE ENGAGEMENT ON REPUBLIC ACT 3019 AND CORRUPTION PERCEPTION: BASIS FOR ANTI-GRAFT AND CORRUPTION STRATEGIES
Ma. Dorothee J. Villarruz
Corruption is a multi-faceted phenomenon, defined as a major factor behind the recent East Asian financial crises. In the Philippine context, corruption is the violation of norms of duty and responsibility for personal gain. This includes embezzlement, where public funds are used for one’s own benefit, nepotism, where friends, relatives and associates are appointed to public office on the basis of the personal relationship rather than merit (Angeles, 2012).
According to Coronel (1999) Filipinos tend to be cynical about corruption in the government as they believe corruption is said to be as old as the government itself. However, while Filipinos are not shock about officials being corrupt, governance had made Filipinos raise issues on effectiveness of performance, accountability and transparencies of government institutions.
This study was a descriptive-quantitative/quantitative correlation study on the employee engagement on RA 3019, level of compliance on ant-graft and corrupt practices to draw insights for strategies to battle corruption in the government.
Results had presented that there was a non-compliance practices of the anti-graft and corrupt practices in the light of Sec 3 of the RA 3019, likewise the level of employee engagement on the said Republic Act posted a moderate level of engagement with a 3.37 mean perceived index of corruption. Further, results had shown that the level of employee engagement was a not a predictor of a perceived corrupt practices imply that to curb corruption require complex solutions.
The study gave insights on the various mechanisms required to help fight corruption in the government.
KEYWORDS: anti-graft and corruption, perceived corruption, and RA 3091