ISSUES OF IDENTITY POLITICS AND ETHNIC CONFLICT IN NORTH EAST INDIA
The interrogation of identity is very much complex and conflict situation in northeast India in general and Assam as special. North-East India is a vital and strategically vulnerable border region, consist of the eight states: Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland Tripura and Sikkim, all the states of North East is linguistically and religiously diverse in nature. Diversities in terms of linguistic variation, Mongoloid ethnic origins and religious pluralism characterise the region. The main juncture of the discord in North East India is a fear of linguistic cultural subjugation and contributory factors of economic negligence and the failures of political segment. The root cause of Identity Politics in North East is weird mentality of ethnic people which is “we want special privileges” because of the sense of deprivation in Political, Economic and Cultural sense. There have been a number of ethnic movements in the northeast in order to preserve one’s Identity. Therefore, there is a linkage between ethnic identity and ethnic conflict. Identity is the birthright of an individual. Ethnic Movement is directly a threat for the nation. Therefore, both the central and state government should give importance on the all-round development of the various ethnic, cultural, religious and linguistic groups both the hill and the plains. Apart from that proper attention should be given for checking illegal migration which is the root cause of Identity Crisis.
KEYWORDS: Conflict, Identity, Crisis, Movement, Ethnicity, Inclusive Development.