PERFORMANCE OF PUBLIC DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM IN ALLOCATION AND DISTRIBUTION OF GRAINS IN KERALA
Dr. P. Shanmugam
India is the land of different languages, culture and religion. Amidst these diversities, she stands in unity. Surprisingly, Indian states do not show any unity in various fields of literacy, infant mortality, development of women entrepreneurship, reduction of crimes against women, religious polemics, eradication of poverty etc. To break these barriers the Indian Government had launched many path-breaking projects for the Citizens of India. These projects aimed the empowerment of weaker and marginalized sections of the society. Among which distribution of food for poor people through Public Distribution System (PDS) play an important role. Under the PDS major consumed food grains like rice and wheat are sold from Fair Price Shops at significantly lower prices than the market rate. Kerala is today rated among the best performers in raising rural household consumption and reducing rural poverty. Significantly the poor benefit from the PDS more than the rich. Commodities distributed through the PDS form a major part of the consumption basket of all households in Kerala. The present paper studies not only the current PDS scheme and its functionality in national and state level but also fruitful distribution of PDS commodities at a subsidized rate. Moreover, this paper analyzes the allocation trend in PDS commodities based on the secondary data. In order to analyze efficiency on trends in the allocation of grains from the PDS in Kerala by the secondary data collected from the various sources. The study found that PDS plays a significant role for the food security among the poor people and thereby, Government has to re-allocate and distribute food grains by PDS scheme in much more quantity for the wellbeing of the poor people.
KEY WORDS: Allocation, PDS commodities, offtake, trend