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SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS AND FOOD SECURITY AMONG MARGINAL FARMERS IN ALIGARH DISTRICT: A CASE STUDY OF SUKHRAVALI VILLAGE (U.P.)


Divyarani Vaishnav
,
Abstract

Agriculture plays a vital role in Indian economy. The Marginal and small farmers are the bedrock of global food production as their small farms feed most of the world’s population. The share of agriculture sector in India’s total gross domestic product (GDP) is about fifteen percent (15.3%) and still remains main source of livelihood for nearly half of the India’s population. India is the land of small and marginal farmers, which are about seventy percent of country’s farmers’ population. These farmers constitute half of the food insecure and poverty ridden population. The present study is conducted to study the food security status of these marginal farmers. Structured questionnaire and interview schedule were used to collect the relevant data, which were analyzed using appropriate statistical techniques. Fifty one farmers, about 35% of the total village population were randomly selected. A range of variables pertaining to their age, sex, education, occupation, health, food grain production, average size of the landholding, family size, credit facility, PDS, income etc. were selected to assess their food security levels. The incidence of food insecurity was found high among a section of the households of marginal farmers. Hence there is a need to create an enabling environment for marginal farmers to raise their income and standard of living so that the status of their food security can also be improved.

KEYWORDS: Food Security, Family Size, Marginal Farmers.

Keywords:
Journal Name :
EPRA International Journal of Economic and Business Review(JEBR)

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Published on :

Vol : 5
Issue : 9
Month : September
Year : 2017
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