A DEMOGRAPHIC INSIGHT OF SOME SELECTED HEALTH PARAMETERS
Dr. Dhaval J. Pandya
Health is a critical factor in development of any country for two reasons. First, health status is a key indicator of population’s welfare and second, improving the health status of population leads to greater economic productivity. Theoretical work as well as empirical evidences clearly show the positive linkage between good health, as well being of individuals and overall economic development.
In accordance with health indicators, the performance of developed countries is far better compare to developing nations. However, health indicators (viz., Crude Birth Rate, Crude Death Rate, Infant Mortality Rate, etc.) in developing nations have seen substantial improved in recent decades.
In this context, this paper tries to reveal some empirical facts for some selected health indicators of India, Gujarat and at Surat city level. The present paper is based on the secondary data set from various official sources viz., Census of India, S.R.S.., and some other official links of the Government. While examining the statistics of these health indicators it has been found that over a period of time there is an improvement in these parameters at all levels. However, it is worth noting that the performance of these indicators for Surat city is better compared to Gujarat and at India level.
KEY WORDS: Crude Death Rate, Crude Death Rate, Infant Mortality Rate, Maternal Mortality Ratio.