IMPACT OF NEUROTOXICANTS ON SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN AGED 6-7 YEARS AND THEIR AMELIORATION VIA AN INTERVENTION PROGRAMME
Dr. Sonika Choudhary
The present study was undertaken to study the impact of neurotoxicants on social development of children aged 6-7 years and their amelioration via an intervention programme. in two eco-settings of Ludhiana city of the Punjab state in India. The residential locality around industrial area was termed as neurotoxicant polluted setting (NPS). The residential locality 20 km. away from industrial area was termed as neurotoxicant free setting (NFS). The neurotoxicant free setting (NFS) had no industry in its vicinity. The sample comprised of 240 children aged 6-7 years (belonging to low socio-economic status, born and brought up in the specified setting for the last six years and not of migrant family) randomly drawn from the Government schools located in the two settings. Out of these 240 children, 120 each were drawn purposively from the two eco-settings. The sample in each of the eco-setting was further distributed equally into intervention and control groups (n=60). It was once again distributed in the manner that equal number of children fall in the two sexes i.e. n=30 each. The Vineland Social Maturity Scale(Indian Version by Bharath Raj (1990) ) was used to assess the respondents social development. The results indicate that the respondents (both boys and girls) of NFS are better than their counterparts in NPS on social development. Also Intervention had a positive effect in augmenting the social development of respondents.
KEY WORDS: Social Development, Children, Neurotoxicant Polluted Eco-settings, Neurotoxicant Free Eco-settings, Intervention.