CONSUMPTION OF WATER AND SANITATION: A CASE STUDY FROM RURAL HOUSEHOLDS OF PASUR VILLAGE IN COIMBATORE DISTRICT
Dr. R. Manikandan, S. Bhuvanesvari
Department of Economics, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu.
Water is a underpin for human life and their activities. In recent years, rapid population growth induced more demand for water, people are face lot difficulties to collect the freshwater for consumption and domestic activities, water shortage due to exploitation of water for industrial activities, water pollution and improper management of water bodies. Right to access the water is a basic human right. In India, the rural households are lack to access the drinking water and invariably all the section of people get water in an equitable, efficient and sustainable basis has remained a challenge and prominent issues. According to UNCIEF 2017 report, India faces economic burden of 600 million dollars per year due to waterborne disease alone. In India 29 percent of rural households have portable water supply within premises and 40 percent of rural households lack to access the drinking water. The World Bank report on India Diagnostic Assessment of Select Environment challenges 2013, indicated that Indiaâ€™s Annual mortality was 12.60 percent owing to water supply, sanitation and hygiene. Therefore, this study mainly focuses to analyse the community wise average water consumption, water quality and sanitation facilities available in the Pasur village of Coimbatore district. The proportionate random sampling method was adopted to selected 46 sample households. This research found out the water consumption of rural households was much higher than Government norms. The rural households reported that water quality is bad due to leakages, sewage mixed into water. And also found out beneficiary under Swachh Bharat scheme in Pasur village.
Keywords: Water consumption, Households, Sanitation, Water shortage
Journal Name :
EPRA International Journal of Agriculture and Rural Economic Research (ARER)
Published on : 2022-12-22