FEASIBILITY STUDY OF HONEYBEE LIVELIHOOD IN UDALA AND BADASAHI BLOCK IN MAYURBHANJ DISTRICT, ODISHA
Student, The DHAN Academy, Madurai, Tamil Nadu.
Honey bees are efficient pollinators for various plants used in agriculture, horticulture, silviculture, fodder, and the wild. The focus on honey bees and their role as efficient pollinators in various agricultural and ecological settings. It highlights the different species of honey bees found in India and their importance in the collection of honey and non-timber forest products (NTFPs). Wild honey collection remains a prevalent practice among tribal communities, providing a significant portion of their income. However, collectors face challenges such as venturing into dense forests and the risk of accidents. Beekeeping, on the other hand, offers sustainable livelihood opportunities for small farmers and landless individuals, contributing to ecological and economic benefits. Successful beekeeping relies on factors like selecting suitable bee species, effective colony management, and the availability of bee-friendly flora. Abiotic and biotic factors, including climate, weather conditions, and mite infestations, also affect honey production. The study aims to assess the current status of honey bee livelihood, analyse market availability and benefits, and develop strategies to enhance productivity, particularly in the Mayurbhanj district of Odisha. The establishment of Farmer Producer Organizations (FPOs) and beekeeping projects can promote sustainability and provide income sources for both wild honey collectors and beekeepers.
Keywords: Honey bees, Agriculture and horticulture, Wild honey collection, Tribal communities, Beekeeping as a livelihood, Ecological and economic benefits, Market availability and benefits. FPO (Farmer Producer Organisation).
Journal Name :
EPRA International Journal of Research & Development (IJRD)
Published on : 2023-07-15