THE THEORY OF RETALIATION (STRAF RECHT THEORIEEN): CRIMINALIZATION IN ORDER TO CREATE A SENSE OF SECURITY IN SOCIETY
Henry Aspan, Dina Andiza,Etty Sri Wahyuni
This article aims to determine if theories of the purpose of punishment successfully alter the conduct of criminals or inmates so that they do not commit crimes against the law again and can be welcomed back into society once their sentences are completed. As part of the Verenigings Theorien system, perpetrators of criminal acts are subjected to punishments such as imprisonment or confinement where the crime represents absolute theory, as well as spiritual guidance and the provision of other sciences, which represent the relative theory, so that later on, the prisoners can have beneficial provisions to return to their previous social lives. There are many goals that must be met throughout the sentencing process in order for the penalty to be effective and serve its intended purpose. These are the goals of the punishment in question: preventing the commission of criminal acts by enforcing legal norms for the protection of the community; socializing convicts through coaching so that they become good and valuable people; resolving conflicts caused by criminal acts, restoring balance, and bringing a sense of peace to society; releasing the convict from his or her responsibility for the crime. The four components of criminal goals are carried out via collaboration between the government and the community, ensuring that convicts do not become totally cut off from human nature during their imprisonment. As a result of this, a correctional system has been established to facilitate the implementation of crime. If someone performs a criminal act or breaches existing laws, they will be informed of the penalties they will face, and by carrying out their penalty, the violation of the law will be brought to attention via the direction and protection that he or she will get. As long as they carry out their sentence, he/she will enable to think about his acts and will be less likely to repeat them when he is freed later in life.
Keywords: Criminal Law, Criminal Offense, Absolute Theory, Relative Theory, Combined Theory.
Journal Name :
EPRA International Journal of Research & Development (IJRD)
Published on : 2021-10-09