YOGA BASED INTERVENTIONS IN MANAGEMENT OF COGNITIVE DYSFUNCTION AND COMPLICATIONS IN ELDERLY


Dr.Unnymaya M R
Research Associate, International Centre for Technological Innovations
Abstract
Population aging is an emerging global health concern. As the population ages the demand for new healthcare interventions increases. Cognitive impairment (CI) and dementia are highly prevalent in elderly. It is one of the main reasons for poor quality of life and dependency on aged people. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of yoga based interventions in cognitive enhancement of elderly above 60 years in care homes in Kerala. No related study done in Kerala especially in elderly care settings. Aged people above 60 years without dementia or other psychological disturbances were selected. Screening for CI was done by Memory Impairment Screen (MIS) and General Practitioner Assessment of Cognition (GPCOG). 20 (12 male and 8 female) become eligible for the study. A yoga module with relaxing postures, loosening postures, breathing exercises and mediation was administered for this group for 3 months duration. End of the period CI tests (MIS and GPCOG) were reassessed to check the effect of yoga in the scores. 65 % of the study group improved their cognition in terms of improved memory, orientation, attention, organisation of knowledge and problem solving ability. This study can be further extended to larger population sizes and elderly in family settings. Yoga can be promoted as a preventive health intervention to dementia, other chronic illness and age related cognitive dysfunction in old age people.
Keywords: Cognition, Elderly, Yoga, Dementia, Cognitive impairment, aged people
Journal Name :
EPRA International Journal of Research & Development (IJRD)

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Published on : 2021-11-19

Vol : 6
Issue : 11
Month : November
Year : 2021
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