Li Marina Rudolfovna, Shoba Sergey Alekseevich, Azizahon Mukadirovna Maksumkhanova
., .
Food security remains a critical issue in Uzbekistan, a country with a diverse agricultural landscape yet facing numerous challenges in ensuring reliable access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food for its population. This abstract examines the current state of food security in Uzbekistan, identifying key factors influencing its status and proposing strategies for improvement. Uzbekistan's agricultural sector is central to its economy, employing a significant portion of the population and contributing to national food supplies. However, several challenges threaten food security, including climate change, water scarcity, outdated agricultural practices, and economic instability. Climate change exacerbates the vulnerability of the agricultural sector, leading to unpredictable weather patterns, reduced crop yields, and increased incidence of pests and diseases. Water scarcity, a critical issue in this arid region, further complicates agricultural productivity, necessitating efficient water management and irrigation practices. The country's agricultural practices are often characterized by inefficiencies and a reliance on traditional methods that limit productivity and sustainability. Modernizing these practices through the adoption of advanced technologies and sustainable farming techniques is essential to enhance crop yields and resilience. Additionally, economic factors such as fluctuating food prices, limited access to financial resources for farmers, and insufficient investment in agricultural infrastructure contribute to the instability of food security. Addressing food security in Uzbekistan requires a multi-faceted approach. Policy recommendations include: Enhancing Agricultural Productivity: Implementing modern farming techniques, improving seed quality, and adopting climate-resilient crops can significantly boost agricultural output; Efficient Water Management: Developing and promoting efficient irrigation systems and water-saving technologies to mitigate the impact of water scarcity on agriculture; Economic Support for Farmers: Providing access to affordable credit, investing in rural infrastructure, and offering training programs to equip farmers with the necessary skills and knowledge; Strengthening Food Distribution Systems: Improving logistics and transportation networks to reduce post-harvest losses and ensure equitable distribution of food across the country; Climate Adaptation Strategies: Developing and implementing comprehensive climate adaptation plans to safeguard the agricultural sector against the adverse effects of climate change; Government and International Collaboration: Strengthening collaboration between the government, local communities, and international organizations to develop and implement effective food security policies and programs. In conclusion, while Uzbekistan faces significant challenges in achieving food security, a strategic and collaborative effort focusing on modernizing agriculture, efficient resource management, economic support, and climate resilience can pave the way for a more secure and sustainable food system. Ensuring food security is not only vital for the health and well-being of the population but also for the overall economic stability and development of the nation.
Keywords: Food Security, Uzbekistan, Agricultural Productivity, Climate Change, Water Scarcity, Sustainable Farming, Economic Stability, Food Distribution, Climate Resilience, Agricultural Modernization
Journal Name :
International Journal of Global Economic Light (JGEL)

Published on :

Vol : 10
Issue : 6
Month : June
Year : 2024
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