NON-VIOLENT CRIME VICTIMS' PERCEPTIONS OF POLICE BEHAVIOR, LEGITIMACY, AND ITS INFLUENCE ON COOPERATION WITH POLICE OFFICERS IN ANGELES CITY
Rhem Rick N. Corpuz , Jamella Claire P. Gopez , Maureen B. Perez , Israeleigh D. Sicat
College of Criminal Justice Education, Angeles University Foundation, Angeles City, Philippines
This research explores the perceptions of trust, legitimacy, and cooperation with the police among victims of non-violent crimes in Angeles City, Philippines. Grounded in Tylers theoretical framework and Procedural Justice Theory, the study examines how these factors influence non-violent crime victims willingness to cooperate with law enforcement. It assesses how victims views of police response relate to their perception of police legitimacy. The research employs a quantitative approach, utilizing descriptive surveys and correlation analysis. A referral sampling method is used to access reluctant participants. Data is collected through a survey checklist questionnaire with Likert scale items. Statistical tools, including mean, percentage, standard deviation, variance, and Pearsons correlation coefficient, aid in data analysis. This study sheds light on the dynamics between crime victims, police behaviour, and perceptions of legitimacy, informing policy decisions in the realm of law enforcement. This research delves into public perceptions of procedural justice and its impact on trust and cooperation with law enforcement agencies. Findings reveal a prevalent negative perception of procedural justice among the general population, significantly diminishing trust in authorities and fostering a sense of inadequate respect for individual rights within the justice system. The study uncovers mixed feelings about cooperating with the police, indicating a prevailing reluctance to engage actively. Moreover, the research highlights the importance of aligning law enforcement agencies moral values with those of the community to enhance perceptions of legitimacy. Policymakers are urged to devise comprehensive strategies to improve police performance and bolster public trust, considering diverse societal and cultural dynamics. The study emphasizes the need for further research to unravel the complexity of public perceptions and enhance community-police relations, ultimately fostering a more just and equitable society.
Keywords: Trust, Legitimacy, Cooperation, Perceptions, Non-violent crimes
Journal Name :
EPRA International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research (IJMR)
Published on : 2023-11-06