ASSOCIATIONAL STUDY TO ASSESS THE ASSOCIATION BETWEEN SOCIO SOCIO DEMOGRAPHIC VARIABLE AND AND SELF-ESTEEM AMONG ADOLESCENTS
Ranjeet Kumar, Suman Lata, Tanima Verma , Nilam Kumari
Clinical Instructor, KGMU
It is a component of the Self-concept that Rosenberg (2) defines as a totality of individual thoughts and feelings, having reference to him as an object. Besides self-esteem, self-efficacy and self-identification are an important part of the Self-concept. Self-esteem as a whole is an unchanging feature of adults and it is difficult to be influenced by the sampleal design of a study (3). Bibliotherapy uses literature to bring about a therapeutic interaction between the client and the therapist. The design used for this study was one group pretest post-test control group design. The study was conducted in Kargapaga Vinayaga Higher secondary school among adolescent of age group 12-19 years. Total sample selected were 60 in total. Sample selection was done by purposive sampling technique. Ken Williams modified self-esteem assessment questionnaire, was used to assess the level of self-esteem among adolescents. The study was conducted after the written permission of Kargapaga Vinayaga Higher secondary school and approval of ethical committee of R. L. College of Nursing. Regarding monthly family income majority 4(13.33%) were earning below rs.3000, 3(10.00%) were earning rs. 3001-5000 6(20.00%) were earning Rs.5001- Rs.7000, 5(16.67%) were earning Rs.7001-Rs.9000, 12(40.00%) were earning more than Rs.9001 respectively. Regarding order of birth majority 10(33.33%) were belongs to first order of birth 14(46.67%) were belongs to second order of birth, 6(20.00%) were belongs to third order of birth, and 0(0.00%) were belongs to more than three order of birth respectively. The investigator concluded that sampleal adolescents had the self-esteem level as 14(46.67%) had low self-esteem, 16(53.3%) had moderate self-esteem and 0 (0%) had high self-esteem. In control group 6(20.0%) had low self-esteem, 24(80.0%) had moderate self-esteem and (0%) had high self-esteem. the socio demographic variables religion and occupation of mother had shown statistically significant association with post test level of self-esteem at p <0.05. The results of the study suggested that among the adolescent 10 (20%) had low self-esteem 29(55%) had moderate self-esteem and 11(22%) had low self-esteem. The investigator concluded that sampleal adolescents had the self-esteem level, 0(0%) had low self-esteem,1(3.33%) had moderate self-esteem and29 (96.67%) had high self-esteem. in control group 6(20.0%) had low self-esteem, 24(80.0%) had moderate self-esteem and 0(0%) had high self-esteem. These findings was supported by varun raj (2009) who conducted a study to assess the effectiveness of bibliotherapy on self-esteem among 60 adolescents the results revealed that the bibliotherapy was effective. These findings was supported by Jegatheesan (1996) who conducted a study to identify the efficacy of bibliotherapy for mildly and moderate self-esteem adolescents. cognitive and behavioral bibliotherapy were non differently efficacious, 60 percent subjects demonstrated clinically significant changes. The pretest mean value of self-esteem was 28.06 with S.D 5.05 and the post test mean value of self-esteem was 67.06 with S.D 6.88. This clearly shows that the administration of bibliotherapy on self-esteem among adolescents had significant improvement in their post test level of self-esteem among adolescents. The pretest mean value of self-esteem was 30.13 with S.D 2.67 and the post test mean value of self-esteem was 30.23 with S.D 2.62. The calculated SDLUHGÂµWÂ¶ value of t = 1.795 was not found to be statistically significant. This clearly shows that there was no significant difference between the pretest and post test self-esteem score among adolescents in the control group.
Keywords: Association , Self-esteem, Adolescents.
Journal Name :
EPRA International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research (IJMR)
Published on : 2021-08-04