PATTERNS OF CORONAVIRUS DISEASE-19 IN SAUDI ARABIA COMPARED TO OTHER GULF COUNTRIES AND MOST INFECTED COUNTRIES IN THE WORLD DURING THE FIRST FIVE MONTHS OF THE PANDEMIC


Abuobieda Bala Abusharib, Awad Elkarim Hassan Abdallah
Sudan, NAJRAN
Abstract
Variable Coronavirus disease-19 epidemic patterns were observed across the globe, the growth of the disease starts exponentially, then changes from a trend to another. This study aimed at analyzing and comparing growth, recovery, and death patterns of Coronavirus disease-19 among the selected countries. Data from several websites and dashboards were collected. The numbers of new cases, cases/million population, doubling time, and case-fatality rates, and recovery rates from Saudi Ariba were compared to the remaining Gulf Countries and the most three infected countries in the world (United States, Brazil, and Russia). Results showed that the total confirmed cases in Saudi Arabia were 201801, Qatar 98653, Bahrain 28410, while cases/million in Saudi Ariba were 5988, Qatar 35487, Bahrain 18212 cases. Regarding the growth doubling time in May in Saudi Arabia was 23.6 days, in the United Arab Emirates 35.6, Bahrain18.3, Qatar14.9, United States 46, Brazil 12.2, and Russia 28 days. Growth percentages and growth factors statistically showed no significant differences among the countries. In May, the case fatality rates were as follows: Saudi Arabia (0.59%), Bahrain (0.16%), Qatar (0.06%), United States (0.89%), Brazil (5.46%), and Russia (0.99%). In June, the reported recovery rates were as follows: Saudi Arabia (68.74%), United Arab Emirates (68%), Bahrain (72.66%), Oman (43.46%), Qatar (76.08%), United States (28.38%), Brazil (56.25%), and Russia (56.79%). The study concluded that the pattern in Saudi Arabia is comparable to the other gulf countries in the growth percentage, growth factor, doubling time, and case fatality rate; the only found difference was the number of cases/million of populations. Upon excluding Saudi Arabia, Gulf countries have a higher number of cases/million population than the United States, Brazil, and Russia. Moreover, Saudi Arabia reported a lower case-fatality rate and doubling time compared to the United States and Brazil.
Keywords: COVID-19, epidemic curve, KSA Pattern, Gulf trend
Journal Name :
EPRA International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research (IJMR)

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Published on : 2022-06-21

Vol : 8
Issue : 6
Month : June
Year : 2022
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