Santiago Andres Vintimilla Pesantez, Bryam Esteban Coello Garcia, Andrea Estefania Canar Mendes, Esteban Eugenio Iniguez Avila, Diego Javier Canar Calderon, Bradd Josue Hugo Merino, Darwin Arturo Pullas Medina
General Practitioner, Ecuador
Acne is the most traumatic and globally annoying chronic inflammatory skin disease. Its prevalence is highest among patients aged 12-24 years, at a frequency of 85%, although it can persist into adulthood, despite treatment. Its effect involves emotional and physical aspects (presence of marks), in addition to its effect on quality of life. Its clinical presentation ranges from the presence of comedones to mixed comedogenic acne with inflammation (1)(2). The face is the most affected area in most cases, and the trunk is affected in 61% of patients. The lesions caused by this can range from scarring to the presence of post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. Stimulation of the immune system by hypercolonisation of Propionibacterium acnes is thought to be the possible cause (3). The aim of this literature review is to communicate to the scientific community the different measures and treatments for this disease, which, as will be analysed, has not only personal impacts, but also psychological and social implications. In fact, this work is based on a dissemination of studies and reviews from 5 years ago, which means that we have all the most up-to-date information possible on this subject.
Keywords: Acne, scars, benzoyl peroxide, comedones, sebaceous glands.
Journal Name :
EPRA International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research (IJMR)
Published on : 2022-09-05